China is a unified multi-ethnic country, and Tibet has been an inalienable part of China since ancient times. Way back to the time before Christ, the Tibetans had kept contact with the Han people living in the Central Plains. Later, after long-standing efforts, the Tibetan hero Songtsan Gambo unified the Tibetan tribes and founded the Tubo Kingdom in the early seventh century. In the middle of the 13th century, Tibet was officially included in the territory of Chinas Yuan Dynasty. The about 300-year history of the Ming Dynasty witnessed a harmonious relationship between the Tibetans and the Hans. And the Qing government further enhanced the administration of Tibet. After the 1911 Revolution, the government of the Republic of China declared to have a peaceful ruling of Han, Manchurian, Mongolian, Hui and Tibetan people. And the Temporary Law prescribed that Tibet was part of Chinas territory, and any Tibet Independence activity should be resolutely banned. After the foundation of the Peoples Republic of China, the Central Government peacefully liberated Tibet. In conformance with the willing of the Tibetans, the Central Peoples Government conducted a series of democratic reform and abolished the feudal serf system in Tibet so that millions of serfs and slaves were liberated. They were no longer regarded as the private properties of their masters to be sold, bought, transferred, exchanged or paid debts freely, nor would they be forced to labor. They gained personal freedom and have become the masters of New China. In September, 1965, the Tibetan Autonomous Region was officially established.

Songtsan Gambo and the Tibetan-Han Cultural Exchange

During the reign of Songtsan Gambo, Tibet absorbed the advanced production technology as well as the political and cultural fruits of the Tang Dynasty. In 641, Songtsan Gambo married Princess Wencheng. He kept a good relation with the Tang Dynasty in terms of politics, economics, culture etc. For example, he introduced from Tang various production technologies such as wine brewery, milling, paper and ink making etc. Meanwhile, he dispatched aristocrat descendents to Changan (Present Xian) to study, and engaged the Han literati to teach in Tibet.
Bunian Tu (Painting of Man-Drawn Carriage)

Bunian Tu (Painting of Man-Drawn Carriage)

It depicts the scene when Emperor Taizong of the Tang Dynasty is greeting the Tubo envoy who comes to escort Princess Wencheng to Tibet. It is a historical painting scroll on Tibetan-Han Peace-Making Marriage.
Princess Wencheng---An Emissary of Culture

Princess Wencheng---An Emissary of Culture

Temple of Princess Wencheng

Temple of princess Wencheng

Princess Wencheng and the Jokhang Temple

Princess Wencheng and the Jokhang Temple
Among the dowries of Princess Wencheng, there was a rare treasure---a Sakyamuni figure of the same size when he was twelve. The figure is now enshrined in the Jokhang Temple.
Tibet