Su Xun - a Litterateur of Northern Song Dynasty
Su Xun(Chinese:苏洵, 1009 A.D. – 1066 A.D.), also called “Ming Yun”, was a litterateur from Meishan, (Which now belongs to Sichuan Province), China. He is the father of renowned essayists Su Shi and Su Zhe, and they are all among the Great Eight Scholars of Tang and Song Dynasties. The Su family is given the glorious title ”three Su”.
Three Su(from left to right: Su Shi, Su Zhe and Su Xun)
Su Xun’s father is Su Xu(苏序) and his mother’s family name is Shi. Su Xun has two older brothers, separately called Su Dan(苏澹) and Su Huan(苏涣). Su Xun did not study hard when he was young and married a girl of Cheng family at the age of 19. His wife can read books and teach her children. At the age of 27, Su Xun was determined to study hard. His learning developed a lot through over ten years’efforts.
In 1056, Su Xun took his two sons to the capital Bianjing(today’s Kaifengcity, Henan Province) Northern Song dynasty to visit Ouyang Xiu. Ouyang Xiu appreciated his articles very much and regarded him as good as Jia Yi and Liu Xiang. The scholar-bureaucrats at that time thronged to read his articles and his fame soared.
In 1057, Su Xun’s two sons took the imperial exams and both passed and their names were all listed on the golden record, which became a how news in the capital. In 1058, the Renzong emperor called him to take the imperial exam, but Su Xun refused with the excuse of being sick.