Dorgon - Famous Historical Figure in the Qing Dynasty
AisinGioro Dorgon (1612-1651) was the fourteenth son of the founding father of Later Jin (predecessor of the Qing Dynasty) Nurhaci.
Within less than one hundred days after Dorgon was born, Nurhaci started to launch severe attacks on Ula and then gave end to it, the motherland of his wife Lady Abahai - Dorgon's mother. As Ula perished, Dorgon and Abahai were faced with the risk of being consigned to limbo. However, thanks to Nurhaci's policy of giving lenient treatment to the captives as well as Abahai's cunning and eloquence, they survived the disaster. When Nurhaci was dying, he even appointed Dorgon as his heir. Yet Dorgon was too young to win the power struggle over his elder brother - the eighth prince Huangtaiji who was well prepared at that time.
After Huangtaiji was enthroned, Dorgon was recognized and put into key positions by virtue of his remarkable military success. Always following Huangtaiji's orders, he played extremely important roles in strengthening the centralization of state power.
After Huangtaiji's death, he supported the young prince Fulin to ascend the throne. Thereby, his power reached its peak. Afterward, he suppressed the peasant uprising in the Battle of Shanhaiguan Pass, captured Beijing City and thus enabled the Qing regime to become the ruler of the Central Plains.
In 1650, Dorgon fell off his horse while hunting and died in Kala City in the following year. Emperor Shunzhi granted him the posthumous rank of Emperor Yi and the posthumous title Chengzong. He was buried outside of Dongzhimen Gate of Beijing (near No. 3, Lane 3, Xinzhong Street of Today's Beijing).