The Filming Artist Cui Wei
Cui Wei (1912-1979), originally named Cui Jingwen, was a renowned filming artist and playwright. Born into an impoverished peasant's family, he escaped from the famine in the area and fled to Qingdao in East China's Shandong Province at the age of ten. He went to the Qingdao Tobacco Company to work as a child laborer when he was only 12.
Later he pursued his study with the help and support of relatives and friends. While he was studied in Lixian Middle School in Qingdao, he read a number of progressive artistic books and periodicals, which inspired his revolutionary thoughts and pursuit for progressive art.
He wrote trivial verses, and mocked the Nationalist Party's national anthem to oppose the bloody killing of the communists in 1927. As a result, he was expelled from school. Later he transferred to Qingzhou Middle School. This time he was expelled from the region due to a passage he wrote which uncovered the collusion between the landlords and the brigands that savagely oppressed the peasants in the countryside.
In 1930, he entered the Shandong Provincial Experimental Theater after passing its entrance examination. In 1932, he went back to Qingdao, and took part in the League of Leftist Writers. He also organized a drama house which put on stage many progressive plays that finally led to his arrest by the authorities. In the summer of 1933, he went to Beijing to study. He continued his drama activities, which also laid the foundation for his active drama creation in Shanghai from 1935.
After the War of Resistance Against Japan began in 1937, he went to the northwest to stage many dramas reflecting the people's battles against the aggressors. In 1938, he went to Yan'an of North China's Shaanxi Province to take part in the establishment of the Lu Xun Art Academy and teach in the school's drama department. After that, he created a cluster of progressive dramas.
In 1956, Cui went to Beijing Film Studio where he became the director of the artistic committee and a film director himself. He also performed in a dozen films including Song of the Red Flag, New Story of an Old Soldier and Soul of the Sea. During the period, he also directed a multitude of influential films like Song of Youth, Zhang Ga the Soldier Boy, People Of The Great Northern Wasteland, Red Blossom of the Tian Mountain, and Women Generals of the Yang Family .
The roles he played in the movies are characterized by their distinctive national flavor thanks to his rich experiences and profound artistic achievements.
Still of Song of Youth
Still of Zhang Ga the Soldier Boy