One and Eight 一个和八个 (1983)
Directed by Zhang Junzhao
One and Eight is a landmark Chinese film from 1983. The film tells the story of eight criminals and a deserting Chinese officer in the communist Eighth Route Army caught in the midst of the Second Sino-Japanese War. Directed by Zhang Junzhao, One and Eight also features cinematography by the soon-to-be-acclaimed Zhang Yimou and stars Chen Daoming. It is based on an epic poem by Guo Xiaochuan.
Significance of this film
One and Eight constituted an early collaboration between the graduates of the 1982 class of the Beijing Film Academy (notably classmates Zhang Junzhao and Zhang Yimou). As such it is often considered one of the first films to move towards the more artistic and experimental mentality that is the hallmark Chinese cinema of the 1980s.
In particular, the film's focus on humanism and personal conflicts signaled a paradigm shift away from the propagandistic films of the Cultural Revolution.