Lao Tzu - Chinese Philosophical Book
Written by Lao Tzu, a famous ideologist in the late Spring and Autumn Period, Lao Tzu is a pioneer theoretical work of the Taoist school in China.
Lao Tzu is featured by brevity, combination of rhyming and prose in sentences as well as vivid argument. It consists of 81 chapters, containing over 5000 words. Retaining almost all principal ideologies of Lao Tzu, this masterpiece is comprised of two parts -Taoist Scriptures and Scriptures of Virtue. That is why it was also namedTao-te Ching.
Philosophical ideology of Lao Tzu was mainly elaborated by means of "Tao", with its clou being "Tao is nature; nature represents Tao". According to the book, "Tao" is the essence of everything on earth and the rule dominating all motions in the universe. In virtue of this clou, Lao Tzu becomes the first philosophical book in China aiming to interpret the world from the perspective of nature.
Such an idea is maintained in Lao Tzu that "Governing by doing nothing against nature". It holds that governing a country should live up to "Governing a large country as cooking small fishes", namely, rather than tossing and turning restlessly, the ruler should let people live untrammeled life, just like let nature take it's course.
The soul of the doctrine stated in Lao Tzu lies principally in its plain dialectical ideology. For instance, Lao Tzu recognizes that things evolve in contradictions and will transit to the opposite in the course of their changes. Though fairly intuitionistic, the ideology presents as a precious culture relic.
The doctrine stated in Lao Tzu has exerted profound influence on the development of Chinese traditional philosophy. Over one thousand schools ever annotated Lao Tzu since the Han Dynasty, which is incomparable among the Chinese ancient books. Nowadays, research on Lao Tzu has been prevalent throughout the world.