Buddhism indoctrinated China at a time when Confucianism and Taoism were the two predominant religions prevailing in the country. In the early facet of its entry, Buddhism could not find much persuasion in China. It was only by the 2nd century AD, the religion could gain the popularity to some extent by the distinctness of its approach and due to some similarities with Taoism. Later on the Buddhist religion managed to hold a firm footing and acquired a mass following.
The arrival of many new Buddhist scholars from the Indian subcontinent and central Asia, like An Shih-Kao, a Parthinian monk, and Lokakshema, a Kushana monk from Central Asia, Dharmaraksha in 3rd century AD, Kumarajiva in 4th century AD, who got a number of Buddhist texts translated into Chinese gave a driving force to Buddhism that had lot of captivating characteristics besides a organized approach to the study and race of religion. During the same period many Buddhist texts were translated from Pali and Sanskrit into Chinese.
China was blessed by its own eminent Buddhist scholars with extraordinary vision like Seng-Chao, Tao-Sheng and Fa-hsien who also contributed richly to the growth of Buddhism China through their translations and knowledge.
Buddhist Educational institutions
Many new schools of Buddhism also emerged in China during this period. Each school pre-owned its power from some ancient Buddhist text or doctrine. Some of these schools spread to countries like Korea and Japan and contributed to the emergence of Buddhism as the predominant religion.
Declining of Buddhism
Buddhist Noble Truths
Buddhism gave credence to People. Buddhist edification is based on the Four Noble Truths. Buddhist Doctrine foretells about the birth, lust, sufferings and finally decaying of human body.
Four Noble Truths
First Noble Truth - life bears mental and physical sickness in form of injuries, aging, dying, fatigue, passion, isolation, feeling of disappointment, dismay and distress.
Second Noble Truth - Desires are the root cause of all these suffering and miseries. Ever increasing human desires bring mental depression that in turns brings physical sufferings and weariness in life.
Third Noble Truth - Sufferings can be brought to an end when one overpowers his endless lust of materialistic things. He then will enjoy the life emerging out from the clutches of fear, hatred, anger and happiness.
Fourth Noble Truth - There is a ‘Noble Eight-Fold Path’ doctrine, leading to overcome the suffering. The Eight-Fold Path includes Perfect Understanding, Perfect Thought, Perfect Speech, Perfect Action, Perfect Livelihood, Perfect Effort, Perfect Mindfulness and Perfect Concentration.
Following the Principles of Four Noble Truths
By following the Buddhist principles of edification and practicing them, it helps in developing ethereally into a perfect person. This will lead one, to the divine path, ultimately attaining contentment in life and also after life.
Buddhism also encourages law of conduct in life, that includes -‘Five Precepts’-- Avoid killing, Stealing/ Lying and consuming Alcohol.
Buddhist teaching leads the ways and theories of meditation, rebirth, intellectual evolution and comparisons. It leads to self-understanding, instead of blind-less faith.